Aquatic Bioassay & Consulting Laboratories, Inc.
Stormwater runoff is a major source of pollution for water bodies and can have a significant impact on the health of aquatic ecosystems. To prevent this pollution, regulations have been put in place that require cities and industries to monitor and manage stormwater runoff. One important tool for stormwater testing is the use of bioassay tests, which can help identify potential pollutants in stormwater and assess their potential impact on the environment. In this blog post, we will discuss the use of bioassay tests in method EPA-821-R-02-012 for stormwater testing in California.
What is method EPA-821-R-02-012?
Method EPA-821-R-02-012, also known as the "Whole Effluent Toxicity" (WET) test, is a method used to assess the toxicity of effluent discharges, including stormwater runoff. This method involves exposing aquatic organisms, such as fish or invertebrates, to a sample of the effluent or stormwater runoff and observing their response. The test measures the acute toxicity of the sample, which is the ability of the sample to cause immediate harm to the organisms, as well as the chronic toxicity, which is the ability of the sample to cause long-term harm to the organisms over an extended period of time.
How are bioassay tests used in method EPA-821-R-02-012?
Bioassay tests are an integral part of method EPA-821-R-02-012, as they are used to measure the toxicity of the effluent or stormwater runoff. The test involves exposing a group of aquatic organisms to a range of concentrations of the sample and observing their response over a set period of time. The response of the organisms is then used to determine the toxicity of the sample.
There are several types of bioassay tests that can be used in method EPA-821-R-02-012, including acute and chronic toxicity tests. Acute toxicity tests are used to determine the immediate effects of the sample on the organisms and are typically conducted over a short period of time, such as 24-96 hours. Chronic toxicity tests, on the other hand, are used to determine the long-term effects of the sample on the organisms and are typically conducted over several weeks or months.
Why are bioassay tests important for stormwater testing?
Bioassay tests are important for stormwater testing because they provide information on the potential impact of pollutants in stormwater runoff on aquatic organisms. By using bioassay tests, cities and industries can identify potential sources of pollution and take steps to reduce or eliminate those sources. Additionally, bioassay tests can help ensure compliance with regulations related to stormwater runoff, such as the Clean Water Act.
In California, stormwater runoff is regulated by the State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB) under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit program. The NPDES permit program requires cities and industries to monitor and manage stormwater runoff to protect water quality. Bioassay tests, such as those used in method EPA-821-R-02-012, are one tool that can be used to comply with these regulations.